Coastal Enterprise logo

St. Augustine Grasses
Home | Turfgrass Varieties | New Lawns | Established Lawns | Environmental Information | Commercial Projects | Map | Contact

St. Augustine grasses are native to the Gulf of Mexico region, the West Indies and Western Africa. St. Augustine is commonly found in coastal areas from Florida to California and tends to flourish in areas of high heat, sunlight and filtered shade. St. Augustine grasses tolerate a wide range of soil types. St. Augustine grasses have a medium to coarse texture and a dark-green to bluish-green appearance.

Floratam St. Augustine


Floratam St. Augustine grass was released in the early 1970s by the Florida and Texas Agricultural Experiment Stations as a SAD virus and chinchbug resistant turfgrass (hence the name FLORada and TexasAM). Floratam is a vigorous, coarse textured St. Augustine grass variety. Stolons of Floratam are large, purplish-red in color with internodes averaging 3" in length. Leaf blades are wider and longer than common St. Augustine grass. Tests at A&M Univesity concluded it is the most drought-tolerant of all St. Augustine grasses. Floratam is not as cold tolerant as common St. Augustine, so preconditioning by use of Winterizer fertilizer (3-1-2 or 4-1-2 ratio) in the fall (October) is critical. Floratam may suffer freeze damage when temperatures fall below freezing for extended periods.
Raleigh St. Augustine
Raleigh St. Augustine

St. Augustine grass, which is a cold-hardy St. Augustinegrass cultivar, was first discovered on a lawn in Raleigh North Carolina and released to the public by North Carolina State University in 1980. It has a medium green color with a coarse texture. It is susceptible to chinch bugs, but this variety of St. Augustinegrass is tolerant to lower temperatures. Unlike Floratam, it is susceptible to brown patch disease. During peak summertime heat, Raleigh has been noted to yellow and not grow as aggressively as during cooler temperatures. Supplemental iron applications can reduce this yellowing tendency.

Palmetto St. Augustine
Click on logo for additional information
palmetto logo

Palmetto St. Augustine, a grass discovered and developed in central Florida, thrives across the southern United States, from Florida northward to coastal Virginia and westward to California, under a wide range of climatic and soil conditions, making it an ideal choice for residential and commercial use. Palmetto is emerald green in color and performs well in full sun and in shaded areas where other grasses fail. Palmetto St. Augustine requires 3-4 hours of direct sunlight per day, is cold hardy to near 0° F. It will remain evergreen in some areas of the deep South. Palmetto St. Augustine also has a massive root system, making it drought tolerant once established. Palmetto St. Augustine recovers quickly from damage by wear or minor scalping by sending out runners to repair open areas.


Coastal Grass  |  2134 Saratoga Blvd. Unit H  |  Corpus Christi, Texas 78417  | 361-852-9606